Physicochemical and sensory properties of carabeef treated with Bacillus subtilis (Ehrenberg) Cohn protease as meat tenderizer by Kenneth Joseph Bureros et al.
This study investigated the use of Bacillus subtilis protease powder (CTC E-ssentials™ MT-70N) as a carabeef tenderizer. The effect of the bacterial protease on the characteristics of carabeef was determined, and its effectiveness was compared to a commercial meat tenderizer containing papain. Only B. subtilis protease showed significant enzyme activity (80–190 U/g), while the commercial meat tenderizer had no activity (0 U/g). Results from the shear force device revealed that 0.35% B. subtilis protease was the optimal concentration required to induce significant tenderization in carabeef (282 g/cm2) and reduce carabeef toughness by 80%. Proximate analysis showed that carabeef treated with B. subtilis protease had significantly higher crude protein (37%) than the negative control (34%) and carabeef-treated commercial meat tenderizer (31%). Sensory evaluation revealed that carabeef treated with 0.35% B. subtilis protease is more tender than untreated carabeef and those treated with the commercial meat tenderizer. Moreover, the carabeef was not over-tenderized and is palatably acceptable. Hence, B. subtilis protease can be used as a meat tenderizer in place of available commercial tenderizers containing plant-derived proteases. © 2019, Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India).
Link to the Article Abastract